Therapy is aimed towards relieving pain and restoring maximum function in order that patients can return to their normal lives. This involves rehabilitation following injury and/or setting up pain management system for those suffering from debilitating diseases.
Physiotherapy may entail those who are basically healthy, like sportsmen injured during a game, for whom quick and intense rehabilitation is necessary. But there it also entails those dealing degenerative or chronic illness such as Parkinson’s disease, obstructive pulmonary disease and multiple sclerosis, among others. For these people, pain management and coping system are vital.
The three main approaches a psychotherapist may use are; teaching and guidance, maneuver and exercise, manual therapy.
Manual therapy- this is a technique where a therapist uses their hands to manipulate, mobilise and massage the body tissue.
This can help:
Relieve pain and stiffness.
Improve blood circulation.
Aid in fluid drainage more systematically from parts of the body.
Under this category the following services will be offered;
Joint mobilization- joints should be able to move freely in all the directions that they are designed to. If they become locked or restricted in any partial direction, you may experience pain or stiffness. This is a tender gliding technique that can help restore healthy joint function.
Joint manipulation- this technique uses high velocity low amplitude (HVLA) thrusting maneuvers. Joint manipulation is synonymous with what physiotherapist term as Grade v mobilization. Manipulation are usually applied at synovial joints example the vertebral, with the aim of achieving a therapeutic effect. They are often associated with ‘click’ or pop sound that is thought to be the result of phenomenon known as cavitation.
Neurodynamic- your nerve tissues just like your muscle, fascia and joints need to be able to move freely and unimpeded for healthy, pain-free function. If a patient is suffering from a neurodynamic condition the treatment is a form of mobilizing movement which creates grinding and sliding of the nerves which can eliminate pain.
Other psychotherapy methods include;
Psychotherapy taping- a psychotherapist might tapping or strapping to immobilize certain joints. Those can take tension off the strained are and allow for better healing.
Ice technique- many physiotherapy visits end by icing the area that was worked on. This is to assist reduce any swelling that might have developed during your visit.
Exercises- they improve mobility and balance. It also increases flexibility, while building strength and stigma. The choice of exercise is based on your injury or condition and the degree of severity involved. Done under guidance at the physiotherapist’s room, they are highly likely to also be included in a home program during treatment and as part management regimen.
Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation- a small, battery- operated device is used to deliver current to the affected area, with the aim of relieving pain.
Some people have found this treatments effective, but there isn’t much specific scientific evidence to support them physiotherapy Kinetic